MILWAUKEE (Reuters) - The outcome of the Wisconsin recall election on Tuesday was too close to call between Republican Governor Scott Walker and Democratic challenger Tom Barrett as polls closed across the state, broadcast networks said based on exit polls.
Walker was forced to face voters in the Midwestern Rust Belt state after he pushed through severe restrictions on the collective bargaining of unionized government workers.
The recall election in closely divided Wisconsin, which helped elect Democrat Barack Obama as president in 2008, is seen as a barometer of the U.S. political climate going into the presidential election in November.
The vote is also viewed as a test of strength nationally between organized labor and conservative opponents, both of whom have poured money and effort into the contest.
Voter turnout was high in the state where families are at odds and neighbors are not speaking to each over Walker's union measures. Polls closed at 8 p.m. CDT (0100 GMT) except in some places where people still standing in line were allowed to vote.
CNN said exit polling showed Walker and Barrett tied at 50 percent each. The exit polls were based on interviews with voters as they left polling places and not actual results. Only a small number of ballots had been counted shortly after polls closed.
Voter intensity was high on both sides, with unions and Democrats backing Barrett and conservatives lining up behind the governor.
"I'm very excited. I'm praying and hoping, praying and hoping," said Willy Franklin, 65, a Barrett supporter in Milwaukee, as he stuck an "I voted" sticker to his jacket.
Roberta Komor, 53, of the Milwaukee suburb of Wauwatosa, said she had voted for Barrett when he ran in 2010, but this time voted for Walker.
The law firm secretary said that in today's hard times, unions "need to learn about shared sacrifice" when workers in the private sector have seen their benefits or wages cut.
"They have had everything handed to them on a platter," Komor said. "They need to be on a par with the rest of us."
Many voters seemed relieved the election had finally come, and voiced disgust with the recall process.
"There are too many recall elections that have been going on in the state and it needs to be stopped," said Carolyn Gral, 51, a Walker supporter and homemaker who is looking for a job.
Wisconsin held nine recall elections for state Senators last year after the union law was passed, setting a U.S. record.
This is just the third recall election of a governor in U.S. history and it follows weeks of vociferous protests by demonstrators who occupied the state Capitol in Madison as Walker and fellow Republican lawmakers pushed through the union curbs in March 2011.
The law forced most state workers, including teachers, to pay more for health insurance and pensions, limited their pay raises, made payment of union dues voluntary and forced unions to be recertified every year.
Democrats and unions gathered nearly 1 million signatures to force the recall election. Politicians across the nation are watching the outcome closely.
"It has implications for the presidential race and national politics. Wisconsin could be a swing state," said Steven Schier, political analyst at Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota.
Walker had led Barrett narrowly in most opinion polls leading up to the balloting, with very few voters undecided, so each side has mounted intense get-out-the-vote campaigns.
Opponents of the union curbs charge Walker and fellow Republican lawmakers undercut workers' rights. In Madison, where massive protests against the union law began, a rally outside the state Capitol on Tuesday drew hundreds of Walker opponents.
They sang "Roll Out the Recall," to the tune of the polka anthem "Roll Out The Barrel," in a festive, party atmosphere.
Passions are just as strong among Walker supporters who believe the changes were necessary to reduce a yawning budget deficit and curtail the power of government unions.
Walker's lieutenant governor, Rebecca Kleefisch, and three Republican state senators also face recall elections on Tuesday. A fourth state senator targeted for recall resigned, and a candidate from each party is vying for her empty seat. The state Senate is now evenly divided so a Democratic victory in just one of those races would hand them a majority.
STATE COULD GO EITHER WAY
In 2008, Obama won Wisconsin by 14 percentage points over Republican John McCain. Two years later, Republicans roared back, electing Walker to replace the outgoing Democratic governor, defeating veteran Democratic U.S. Senator Russ Feingold and taking over both houses of the state legislature.
Even Obama's campaign organization conceded on Tuesday that Wisconsin could go either way in November, giving Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney hope of winning a state that has not voted Republican since the 1984 presidential election.
A loss for Walker would derail a rising Republican star who has knocked down talk he might become Romney's vice presidential running mate, whereas a Walker win would be a blow to unions that are a powerful Democratic constituency.
The only two previous recall efforts against sitting governors that succeeded were Lynn Frazier in North Dakota in 1921 and Gray Davis in California in 2003.No More Stolen State ElectionsDemocracy SquareWisconsin WaveDemocracy SquareDemocracy SquareWisconsin Wave